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Good morning, this is Zelda, and today we are giving a voice to innovation in film, as today is also the World Creativity and Innovation Day.

We spoke to AI researcher and entrepreneur Sharada Mohanty about the frightening flaws in facial recognition technology exposed in Coded Bias, a documentary that appeared at Geneva's FIFDH and now showing on Netflix.

We also encourage you to discover Way Beyond, a new documentary on CERN's Large Hadron Collider at Visions du Réel. Plus, a helicopter made it to Mars this week.

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Zelda Chauvet, Geneva

21.04.2021


Sciences & Technology News


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"Coded bias" by Shalini Kantayya. Source: FIFDH.

🌐 Decoding Coded Bias for a more equitable artificial intelligence. During her first semester at MIT, researcher Joy Buolamwini got a computer-vision software that did not recognise her face until she put on a white mask. This was the beginning of her quest against biases in technology, and the story of a documentary, Coded Bias, presented at the Geneva International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights (FIFDH) in March.

Geneva Solutions (EN)

🎥 Films for the scientific imagination. Way Beyond and The Great Void, two of the films being featured at this year's Visions du Réel documentary film festival in Nyon, seem to answer each other. The first one documents colossal plans to build a new 100km particle accelerator, dubbed the Future Circular Collider (FCC) at CERN. The second observes a world devoid of any sign of life. Science fiction and documentary are highly compatible.

Le Temps (FR)

🚀 The Ingenuity helicopter has taken up its challenge and flown to Mars. They did it: for the first time, an aircraft has made a controlled flight on a planet other than our own. Ingenuity, the helicopter carried by the Mars 2020 mission's Perseverance rover, will go down in the history of both space exploration and aeronautics.

Heidi.news (FR)

Here's what else is happening


Image of the day


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'Fashion and Sustainability: Look Good, Feel Good, Do Good' – Models parade sustainable clothing representing different regions of the world during the fashion showcase. PHOTO:UN Photo/Manuel Elias.

Celebrating the creative economy in 2021. 21 April is World Creativity and Innovation Day. An opportunity to celebrate the creative economy and to raise the awareness of the role of creativity and innovation in all aspects of human development.

United Nations (EN)

Anticipatory reads by GESDA


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© Modern War Institute

The risk of heading to a third ‘winter’ for Artificial Intelligence (AI). A ‘winter’, talking so, is a massive decrease in financial investments: that is the hypothesis discussed in a fascinating article of Foreign Affairs (FA, see below). Today, a lot of promises go along with developments in that field. So much that recently, one leading researcher in AI and machine learning, Michael I. Jordan, had to stress again that “AI systems are nowhere near advanced enough to replace humans in many tasks involving reasoning, real-world knowledge, and social interaction.”

Still, many countries, starting with the US, are investing gigantus amounts of money in AI research and systems developed by private companies, and this especially in the military sector. But “once again, it risks sliding backward as a result of a destructive ‘hype cycle’ in which overpromising conspires with inevitable setbacks to undermine the long-term success of a transformative new technology”, writes FA. In other words: seeing other countries like China and Russia also investing heavily in AI, the US national security services do the same without being ready, on many fronts, to include AI technologies in their daily business on the very long term! Which could finally lead to the abandonment of those technologies…

Coincidentally, last week, the European Commission announced it would ban certain uses of "high-risk" artificial intelligence systems altogether – think creepy facial recognition tech and many, many Black Mirror episodes, as Politico puts it.

All in all, both news put a dark light on a technology that should deserve something else than a third winter, to quote Michael I. Jordan: “While the science-fiction discussions about AI and super-intelligence are fun, they are a distraction. There’s not been enough focus on the real problem, which is building planetary-scale machine learning-based systems that actually work, deliver value to humans, and do not amplify inequities.”

- Olivier Dessibourg

The perils of overhyping artificial intelligence. For AI to succeed, it first must be able to fail.

Foreign Affairs (EN)

Quantum computers are revealing an unexpected new theory of reality. A powerful new idea about how the laws of physics work.

New Scientist (EN)

Using brain interfaces to learn about learning. The internal state of the brain is often a mystery – including to ourselves – but new neural interfaces are making it easier for scientists to observe the mind in action.

Axios (EN)

Robots are animals, not humans. Humans have worked alongside animals for centuries. So why are we so obsessed with comparing robots to ourselves?

WIRED (EN)

With ‘smoke ring’ technology, fusion start-up marks steady progress. A private company announced that its latest device can sustain high temperatures for long reaction times.

Science (EN)

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This selection is proposed by the Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipator GESDA, working on anticipating cutting-edge science and technological advances to develop innovative and inclusive solutions for the benefit of the planet and its inhabitants.


Next on the agenda


Until 21 April | Way Beyond. At CERN, an international commission of experts closely follows the FCC (Future Circular Collider) project, the colossal and possible successor to the current particle accelerator. Watch the festival's film online.

Visions du Réel (EN)

21 April | Microsoft and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The WMO Open Consultative Platform (OCP) "Partnership and Innovation for the Next Generation of Weather and Climate Intelligence" presents a webinar aiming at taking a deep dive into digital technologies and innovations to accelerate climate, water and weather goals.

WMO (EN)

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